The competition begins by athletes drawing lots to determine order of weigh-in and lifts. After the athletes are categorized within the 10 different weight classes (divided between male and female), they each lift three times in their respective weight class. The heaviest “good lift” within each weight class is the lift used for final placing in the competition.
In para powerlifting, athletes assume a supine position on a specially designed bench, and after taking or receiving the bar at arms-length, the lifter waits with locked elbows and the bar under control for the Chief Referee’s signal.
After receiving the signal “start,” the lifter must lower the bar to the chest, hold it visibly motionless on the chest and then press it upwards evenly, with an even equal extension of both the arms with locked elbows.
When held motionless and controlled in this position, the audible “rack” signal is given and the bar is returned to the rack.
The three nominated international referees provide an immediate evaluation of the competitor’s attempt, using a white light to reflect a successful lift, and a red light to signify an unsuccessful lift. Two or more white lights signify a good lift and two or more red lifts reflect an unsuccessful lift.
Each athlete has three attempts, and upon discretion of the jury a fourth attempt may be allowed to achieve a new world record, but this attempt does not count towards the final competition result.