Chiropractic Techniques Offered
Central to the Logan University Doctor of Chiropractic Degree Program is the instruction in foundational chiropractic techniques. Logan enjoys a long tradition of excellence in teaching Logan Basic and Reinert Diversified as core techniques. Activator Methods and Myofascial Technique have been added to the core techniques to broaden graduates' knowledge and skill. In addition, may other techniques, such as Gonstead and Thompson, remain available for students who wish to further expand their technique knowledge beyond the four core techniques.
Logan Basic Technique
Developed by Logan founder, H.B. Logan, DC, Logan Basic is one of the lowest-force adjustive techniques. Logan Basic Technique is a system of body mechanics with special emphasis on pelvic and spinal distortions and the subluxations that affect spinal structures. Logan Basic Technique is a light force, full-spine adjusting procedure highlighting the correction of spinal and pelvic pathobiomechanics. This year-long course emphasizes the clinical indicators of spinal distortions, postural evaluation and the utilization of spine X-ray analysis. Students also study chiropractic management of special conditions, such as scoliosis, pregnancy, pediatric care and acute and chronic spinal conditions.
Reinert Diversified Technique
Diversified Technique may be the most commonly utilized technique in the chiropractic profession. Students participate in a series of Reinert Diversified Technique courses focused initially on chiropractic terminology and conceptual models of pelvic and spinal biomechanics, and learn to analyze and label pelvic and vertebral subluxation complexes. Additionally, manual contacts, vertebral contacts, stances and patient positioning are emphasized during the laboratory portion of the course.
Activator Methods® Technique
Technique is included as a core technique at Logan University backed by extensive published research on its effectiveness, as well as offering the doctor flexibility to perform a chiropractic adjustment on a wide variety of patients-regardless of age or condition. Activator Methods®
is a disciplined and consistent approach to diagnosis and treatment, where students use an instrument with a specialized table to perform adjustments, promoting accurate delivery of chiropractic care.
Myofascial Technique, a soft tissue therapy, is included as a core technique at Logan as it relaxes contracted muscles, improves circulation and stimulates the stretch reflex in muscles. This technique is important for students to learn in light of emerging evidence of the myofascial system as a body-wide communication network and its effect on overall health and wellness. Students cover a variety of concepts on various soft tissue therapies and their effect on the myofascial system. In addition, specific soft tissue techniques are offered through numerous elective courses.
Active Release Technique (ART)
focuses on muscular and soft-tissue problems and based on research indicating that as result of both acute and repetitive injuries, adhesions may develop within muscles and between nerves, blood vessels and connective tissue. The adhesions may affect the function of muscles and change the joint motion, resulting in altered biomechanics and a variety of peripheral nerve entrapment.
P. Michael Leahy, DC, CCSP, developed ART®
. His treat-techniques and teaching methodologies arise from his work in neuromuscular re-education and Myofascial Release. The Law of Repetitive Motion is a unifying concept, designed to explain how overuse syndromes arise from a variety of events rid still fit under one paradigm. Practitioners work with various soft tissues in order to restore optimal function through the release of adhesions. The treatment approach is based on assessing the function of each muscle involved in the overuse syndrome. The technique’s applications are varied and can include care of athletes, office and factory workers alike for a variety of overuse syndromes.
Advanced Basic Technique
Applied Kinesiology employs a system of muscle testing and assessment of whether certain muscles are found to be consistently weak. Based on this information and patient history, appropriate diagnostic work-ups, including lab work and X-rays, are used. George Goodheart, DC, who developed the technique, identified relationships between certain muscles and the function of corresponding organs. Especially in Europe, some medical doctors and dentists employ Applied Kinesiology to supplement diagnostic information.
Treatment with Applied Kinesiology includes chiropractic adjustments, using various techniques. Work on affected muscles and reflex systems related to affected muscles, and nutritional programs also may be used. Many practitioners feel that adjusting is easier following Applied Kinesiology muscle work, which helps balance the muscles surrounding the spine.
Flexion-Distraction (COX) Technique
The flexion-distraction adjustive procedure and an adjusting table enhanced and developed by James M. Cox, DC, DACBR, are based on a distractive force (supplied with the contact hand) combined with table motion. The Cox table is designed to restore normal physiological range of motion to the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spinal joints. Flexion-Decompression manipulation is a gentle, non-force adjusting procedure which works with the body's natural design to aid it in healing properly.
Additional goals of the flexion-distraction adjustment include transfer of metabolites into the spinal disc, decreasing intradiscal pressures and decompressing inflamed/compressed spinal nerve roots. Three government-funded grants totaling over $2 million dollars have been awarded for the study of this technique.
The Gonstead System
The Gonstead system was developed in 1923 by the late Clarence S. Gonstead, DC. The system uses visual examination, motion and static palpation, instrumentation and full-spine X-rays to determine, with accuracy and precision, where, what, when and how to adjust to obtain specific and consistent results.
The Gonstead system utilizes the full-spine approach with emphasis on the subluxation/compensation mechanism and the level disc concept. Heavy emphasis is placed on differentiating between the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems and the symptoms related to each. This assists the chiropractor in the quest to find and correct the specific subluxation. Specific equipment, including the Knee Chest, Pelvic Bench, Hylo Tables and the Cervical Chair, is utilized in the application of the adjustive technique.
All chiropractic students are required to learn the Gonstead listing system, which describes body mechanics and the specific direction of vertebral subluxations. This system is included in state and national chiropractic board exams.
Sacro Occipital Technic (SOT)
SOT developer Bertrand DeJarnette, DC, was a wealthy former engineer who used much of his fortune funding research on why chiropractic works. Dr. DeJarnette concluded that structural changes affecting the dura can affect any area of the spine. The dura covers the entire central nervous system (the brain and the spinal cord). Dr. DeJarnette based his conclusions in part on the fact that adjusting one segment of the spine may bring about a change in another area of the spine.
Dr. DeJarnette was interested in research showing that cranial bones move and theorized that structural changes of the cranial bones could affect the movement of cerebrospinal fluid. Thus, SOT addresses positioning of the cranial bones, using a method known as craniopathy.
"Blocking," the method preferred by many SOT practitioners for addressing pelvic subluxations, involves blocks placed beneath the pelvis, with the patient lying face-up. The goal is to normalize joint positions on both sides of the spine simultaneously. SOT integrates with other chiropractic systems, allowing for use of a variety of techniques within the SOT system. Practitioners also often provide nutritional counseling to patients.
Developed by Clay Thompson, DC, Thompson Technique uses an adjusting table with a pneumatically driven, segmented drop system, which quickly lowers the section of the patient’s body corresponding with the spinal region being adjusted. The doctor thrusts at high speed, using minimal force, because while the thrust initiates movement, the fast drop carries the joint through the remainder of its range of motion.
Leg length checks, palpation, X-rays and other appropriate tests are used by the Thompson practitioner in determining where to adjust. Dr. Thompson was the personal physician of chiropractic founder B.J. Palmer, DC. However, unlike the Palmers, Dr. Thompson advocated adjustments addressing any joint dysfunctions, in the spine and in extremities.
Upper Cervical Specific
Upper Cervical-Specific Technique, developed by chiropractic founder D.D. Palmer, DC and refined by his son, B.J. Palmer, DC, focuses on the Atlas Subluxation Complex (ASC). The complex is usually considered to include the three osseous components at the top of the human spine: the Occiput (skull, or CO), the Atlas (Cl) and the Axis (C2). The technique focuses on specific corrections to the structure of the Atlas complex to restore correct structure to it and thus, to promote optimal function of nerves related to the complex.
Upper Cervical Specific is a toggle recoil technique, in which the adjustment establishes motion, following the proper line of correction, and the segment finds its natural position innately. Upper Cervical Specific procedures differ from techniques that utilize Gonstead listings in that Upper Cervical’s 12 atlas and eight axis listings (misalignments) are compared relative to the foramen magnum (the opening in the bones at the base of the skull).